Artificial Intelligence

How Can Artificial Intelligence Be Used in Architecture?

When designing a home, architects must consider AI as a way to enhance the experience of its residents. When used wisely, AI will open the door to smart homes, which are complex living data-driven organisms. As more people want to live in the most technologically advanced home possible, architects will have to find the best ways to incorporate AI into their design language. AI has many benefits, including increasing the efficiency of construction projects and enhancing the quality of life for residents.

Parametric architecture

The application of AI to architecture is not new. The use of parametric design is increasingly popular in CAD programs. Using this technology, architects can generate numerous iterations with minimal manual input. The program is also able to optimize costs and viability, while remaining highly customizable. Its underlying algorithm is based on machine learning and is designed to produce thousands of variations of a design. In addition, the application of AI in architecture can enhance design and construction processes in many different ways.

To get an idea of how AI is being used, look no further than the Japanese construction company Obayashi. They collaborated with Autodesk Research to envision an AI solution that would enable architects to plug in basic parameters and get interior programming layouts. This AI agent would then be trained on the Obayashi portfolio of 2,800 Autodesk Revit files. As such, it could place design objects in the ideal positions and reuse high-level design principles across multiple projects.

AI-powered BIM software

AI-powered BIM software has several key benefits. Unlike conventional models, these models are highly interactive, allowing the user to manipulate various parameters. For example, AI-powered BIM software can identify fall hazards and risks on set. This is especially helpful for the construction industry, where architects spend countless hours creating building designs. AI-powered BIM software can generate designs faster and learn from each iteration and practice.

Despite the obvious advantages of using AI, most architects don't use the technology. They rely on traditional platforms for drawing but are not connecting that data to the models. However, AI-powered BIM software is likely to force architects to adopt AI tools, especially as more clients demand a more personalized approach to projects. In addition to data-driven solutions, architects are using large data sets, predictive simulation, and machine learning to improve their work. For example, an architect might have to consider the size of the family to create the right design. AI-powered BIM software can also provide an accurate estimate of the cost of the construction.

AI's impact on the design process

As the field of artificial intelligence advances, designers face a growing number of repetitive tasks. While these tasks may not require as much creativity as others, they are time-consuming and monotonous. As such, the ability to perform such repetitive tasks by AI could free up designers' time to focus on more creative tasks. AI can be taught to perform some common design tasks, which can free up designers' energy for more creative tasks.

Currently, the process of product customization is labor-intensive and involves dozens of workers. However, AI will soon open the door to fully customized products. For example, emerging technologies will enable manufacturers to create completely customized athletic shoes for athletes, and customizing the design to fit each athlete's feet. For instance, sensors on shoes will create pressure maps of the feet, generating custom designs based on each athlete's unique requirements. In addition to these new input devices, generative design tools will synthesize designs and translate high-level specifications to detailed designs.

AI's impact on construction

When architects are designing a building, they typically use past data to generate ideas for new designs. But with AI, architects no longer have to do that. Computers can analyze a large amount of data within milliseconds and can offer recommendations based on their findings. They can also automate floor-plan programs to reduce costs and increase design variety. Some architects are even considering AI for their construction processes. This technology will allow them to test out several designs at the same time.

With so many advantages, AI is poised to make a dramatic impact on the construction industry. While it is unlikely to replace the human workforce, it will change the business model and improve construction efficiency. The use cases of AI in architecture and construction are rapidly developing, and early adopters can take advantage of these benefits while meeting unique business goals. But before implementing AI, construction industry leaders should consider their unique requirements and prioritize AI investments. The early movers in this field will set the direction of the industry and will reap short-term and long-term benefits.